Kultalatva has been primarily established for the publication of scientific research articles based on presentations held at seminars and conferences of the Runolaulu Academy. In addition, Kultalatva may accept other types of articles, such as travel stories, writings commenting on science or publications, and articles on artistic research. Therefore, publications are fundamentally divided into two sections: scientific articles and other articles.

If you want your article to be published in Kultalatva, follow the writing guidelines below and submit your proposal to kultalatva@runolaulu.fi.

Writing Guidelines for Scientific Articles

The article should be sent to the email address kultalatva@runolaulu.fi in RTF or DOC format. The author’s name in capital letters, title, and institution in lowercase should be included at the beginning of the article.

The recommended length of the article is 5 – 25 pages. It should be written in 1.5 line spacing using Times New Roman font, size 12. The formatting of the text should be as simple as possible. The use of tab marks, extra spaces (indentations), extra empty lines, hyphens, and soft hyphens, etc. should be avoided. Special features of word processors such as embedded images and formulas created with the equation editor should not be used. Reference automation and simple tabulated tables of the word processing program can be used, but if it is a more complex element, it is better to deliver it as a diagram.


The article title should be written in uppercase. We recommend using only one level of subheadings. There should be an empty line before and after the subheading. The same font and font size as in the main text should be used for headings. No full stops are used in headings. Headings should not be bolded.

Text Formatting

The names of publications (magazines, books, recordings, etc.) and the names of songs and musical compositions that are proper nouns are italicized. Foreign language terms are also italicized. Please use other emphases sparingly.


For quotations longer than three lines, one empty line should be placed above and below the quotation, and the quotation should be indented. Quotation marks should not be used. Quotations should not be italicized.

Year Numbers

Write out in full, e.g., 1870–1871, 1914–1918.


There should be a space between initials, e.g., J. V. Snellman (cf. J.V. Snellman).

Hyphens and Dashes

There is a length difference between a hyphen (-) and a dash (–). The dash can be obtained in Windows with the special command alt 0150 (numbers from the edge of the keyboard’s numeric keypad) or from the Insert-> Symbol menu. The dash is used not only as a dash within a sentence but also between numbers and words indicating extremes, border points, etc. E.g., in the years 1960–1970, 35–40-year-olds, pp. 195–208.

Quotation Marks

Use regular quotation marks, i.e., “quotation” (not “quotation” or “quotation”). Note. The practice according to the language in english and russian instructions!

Footnotes and Endnotes

Numbered footnotes may be used in articles, although they should be used sparingly. They should be implemented using the word processor’s reference automation. Endnotes are not generally used (thus they may be used for a justified reason; e.g., when it is better from the logic of references to use both footnotes – which are essential for understanding the main text – and endnotes, which comment on the text at a different level).

Diagrams and Music Examples

Music examples, diagrams, etc. should be saved in formats such as PDF, EPS, BMP, TIFF, JPEG, or GIF. The resolution must be at least 300 dpi, preferably more. The use of NoteWriter and Encore programs should be avoided when creating music examples due to the poor transferability of the documents they create. The use of Finale or Sibelius music notation software is recommended. When saving figures in PDF or EPS format, fonts must be embedded in the file.


The author’s own illustration ideas are welcome. The author must check if there are any copyright or publication fees associated with the images. Photographs, maps, drawings, etc., offered for publication must be delivered as originals, high-quality reprographic images, or digitized. Images should be scanned with a resolution of at least 300 dpi as close to the size at which they will appear in the book. Images should be saved in TIFF format.

Literature References and Bibliography

Literature references should be marked within the text in parentheses, e.g., (Kaukonen 1984, 18–19).

The bibliography should be arranged in alphabetical order by the authors’ names. In the bibliography, the names of books and magazines are italicized, not the author’s name. Different works by the same author are listed chronologically, and publications released in the same year are distinguished by lowercase letters (e.g., 2002a, 2002b). The publisher’s name and location, not the place of printing, are listed for the work.



Karkama, Pertti 2001. On the Nation’s Behalf. Elias Lönnrot and the Ideals of the Age. Publications of the Finnish Literature Society 843. Finnish Literature Society, Helsinki.

Article in a Collected Volume

Hapuli, Ritva 2000. The Human Experience in the Maelstrom of World War I. In Kari Immonen, Ritva Hapuli, Maarit Leskelä, and Kaisa Vehkalahti (eds.), The Enchantment and Fear of Modernity. Ten Writings on Gender at the Turn of the 18th to 19th Centuries, 45–87. Finnish Literature Society, Helsinki.

Article in a Journal

Piispa, Leena 1997. Taylorism in the History of Women’s Industrial Work. Sociology 32(1): 39–52.

Unpublished Thesis

Vehkalahti, Kaisa 2000. The Fatal Age of Girls. Representations of Girlhood in 1920s Women’s Magazines. Licentiate thesis. Department of Cultural History, University of Turku.

Finalizing the Manuscript

The manuscript should ultimately be reviewed using the “Show or Hide” tool to ensure no formatting settings or commands that could disrupt the layout, such as unnecessary spaces, remain. Indentations should be made with the tab key, not with spaces.


Authors are responsible for proofreading their own manuscripts. Proofreading of proofs will be agreed upon separately.

Additional Information

Further information can be requested from kultalatva@runolaulu.fi, or pekka.huttu-hiltunen@runolaulu.fi.